Prospective interfaces between art + science + technology + society, in, and from, the South Cone Pacific.
Coordinator: David F. Maulen
The cybernetician Stafford Beer explain Viable System Model (VSM) basis in three elements: a triangle between decision and control, technology and environment. Each “organizational system”, make “the action” from this three basic points. Beer worked at an interdisciplinary experience about technology, organizational communication on line, and interdisciplinary collaboration; inside de Chilean government innovation politics between 1971 and 1973. The project was named Cybersyn (Sinergic Cybernetic), or Synco Project. On this project Isaquino Benadof did a software named Cyberstride, the one who use a methodology similar Critical Path Method CPM. This methodology came from engineering prospective, and means to do a past time line, and then modeling “possible futures”.
If we look at the “past futures”, after the world second war, the Chilean architectural students change his study plans under the “avant garde” statements. They did a kind of “Viable System Model”: the Integral Architecture. It means a designer study plan through three basic elements: human being + nature + shape. Two years process of “analysis”, and then 3 years of “synthesis”. The teamwork, the bio architecture study, and another similar statement, did South American post war architecture under the organic urban organizational concepts. And then, like a response, the new Chilean engineering, with Abraham Freifeld, talked about a neo organic constructivist: contemporary experiences about theory of relativity, “ki” oriental energy concepts, and gestalt therapy interactional models. It a second integral-organic viable system model from this prospective.
Parallel engineering experiences, with Carlos Martinoya group, did interdisciplinary models with cognitive visual perception, math, nuclear physic, and in the last sixties, with neurophysiology, theater, anthropology and sociology. Or the first Chilean electro acoustic music experiences with Vicente Asuar and Juan Amenabar, both engineering. In 1968, following the model “Integral Architecture” began the Art and Technology Faculty, in University of Chile, Valparaiso. Then, in the early seventies, when some engineering use the new prospective software, like Hellmuth Stuven, they invent “cybernetic” interdisciplinary and organic uses. Under HfG influence, Gui Bonsiepe like Technologic Institute of Corfo Chile, began to talk about Interfaz (interface), and the “value of use” of aesthetic with three steps: 1º Trouble-structure, 2º Design, 3º Work make. Then, ending the eighties Miguel Giacaman, did an anti virus, Vir- Det, with immunological bio model.
Developing a short history about interdisciplinary interfaces between “Viable Systems Models”, and organic and integrated systems, may be made a final prospective about interfaces and future models, from South Pacific Cone experiences to another context.
David F. Maulen (Coordinator)
Art, Design, Architecture and Applied Technologies Faculty, UNIACC
Valparaiso – Santiago de Chile